Are Filipinos Hispanic?

Are Filipinos Hispanic? I was very puzzled because this is not the first time I come across this question. I decided to do some research and personally call Dr. Gaerlan and Dr. Nadal, two qualified professionals at different universities in the U.S. to speak about the matter. Below are their answers…

Can Filipinos Be Hispanic?

Barbara S. Gaerlan, Ph.D., Assistant Director at the UCLA Center for Southeast Asian Studies

The answer could be “yes” or “no” or even “yes and no.” It is a personal choice on how people wanted to identify themselves. The person’s definition of the word “Hispanic” would be crucial in making the decision.

The U.S. Census Bureau defines “Hispanic” as a person of Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin. By this they usually mean people whose ancestors originated in Spain and/or Latin American countries that speak Spanish today as their main language. By this definition, Filipinos would not be Hispanics, since they come from an Asian country, and very few Filipinos today speak Spanish at home.

Filipino Old Man

The most widely-spoken languages are Tagalog-based Filipino and English (the result of a U.S. colonial presence from 1898-1946 and continued close political, economic, migratory, and military ties with the U.S. since 1946). And, in the U.S. Census, Filipinos are included as a separate, Asian American category.

So for people for whom these criteria are most important, and who choose to define Filipino identity by the country’s evolution during the 20th century, the answer would be “no.”

On the other hand, a different definition of “Hispanic” could yield a different answer. Filipinos can be considered Hispanic if one prioritizes the definition that countries colonized by Spain are “Hispanic” because of that historical influence — no matter what their location on the globe or current linguistic status.

Spain colonized the Philippines in 1565 and ruled most of the country until 1898 (333 years) — a longer time period than in some Latin American countries. To research Philippine history during those 333 years, knowledge of Spanish is essential for scholars.

Ethnically, although there was not as much migration to the Philippines from Spain as there was to Latin America, quite a few Filipinos can claim some Spanish ancestry.

Migration to the Philippines from Spain was quite extensive after the Suez Canal opened in 1869. By this definition Filipinos could choose to self-identify as Hispanic.

Even today, the Philippines nationally continues to exhibit numerous traits inherited from Spain: overwhelmingly Roman Catholic religion and related cultural legacies, many Spanish personal names, Spanish musical traditions, many Spanish vocabulary words incorporated into Filipino indigenous languages, etc. People emphasizing this historical and cultural legacy could answer “yes,” Filipinos are Hispanic.

Finally, people could acknowledge the complexity of Filipino history and say “yes and no” — claiming some Hispanic heritage but recognizing that in the Philippines at least, it is receding as time goes by.

Are Filipinos Hispanic?
Why is this question being asked today?

In the United States, Filipino immigrants to the U.S. have come into close contact with immigrants from Latin America. This contact has helped to educate both groups about their shared “Hispanic” heritage. This bodes very well for increased investigation of the many centuries of shared colonial history even if there was a break during the 20th century.

Even if Filipinos immigrated to the U.S. without a thought of “Hispanic” identity, once here, Filipino Americans are more likely to study Spanish language than are Filipino students in the Philippines. Also once in the U.S. some Filipino Americans begin doing research on the history of Filipinos in California, Mexico, Louisiana, etc., in the days of the Galleon Trade between Manila and Acapulco (1565-1815).

All these activities help to expand consciousness about “Hispanic” Filipino identity, and lead to more and more people questioning the extent to which Filipinos are “Hispanic.”

Kevin L. Nadal, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Deputy Director of Forensic Mental Health Counseling Program at John Jay College of Criminal Justice- City University of New York

Dr. Nadal lectured on “Filipino American Psychology: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice” at the Asian American Research institute of the City University of New York.

When I asked Dr. Nadal: Are Filipinos Hispanic? He answered…
In earlier censuses and other surveys, Filipinos have been classified as Hispanic, due to the 350+ years of Spanish colonization.

Filipinos share many commonalities with Latinos/Hispanics including Catholicism/Christianity, cultural and family values, gender roles, and even some aspects of language.

Also, because of their Spanish surnames and phenotype, some Filipinos often get mistaken for Hispanic, adding even more to their connection with Hispanic communities.

Comments

  1. flordeliza says:

    Thank you to the people who create and help to share about the”Hispanic.” What it means…little by little I try to learn and read about the past history in Philippines…thank you. My town is near in Vigan Ilocos Sur…the Spanish houses are beautiful attraction of every one…

    • Benjamin Rivas says:

      Filipinos are Asian and not Hispanic or Latino since less than 3% of the population has any trace of Spanish ancestry or speak Spanish. Sorry Filipinos, but the world does not consider you Hispanic or Latino but as Asian.

      • Juan dela Cruz says:

        I am sorry Benjamin Rivas, I am a Filipino, and I don’t claim to be Hispanic but my culture speaks of a culture similar to that of a Castellano-Mexican influences. We are talking about culture here and not about blood percentages. To understand a culture, one has to immerse and experience it first hand.

      • Joe Nieves says:

        Filipino Ancestry DNA. I totally disagree that only 3% have Spanish ancestry. My wife came up with 17% Spanish. A DNA test need to be done. Like me for reference I am Puerto Rican – Spanish. People say we don’t have native American ancestry. I took the DNA and have 16% Native American ancestry. I proved them wrong. So consider a DNA company that will do your DNA correctly.

      • Roseller castillo says:

        Hola benjamin i am a filipino a christian born i dont care if im not hispanic nor asian, but i only care about the values of a filipino.

      • Mr. Rivas, your reply is tinged with bitter derision. It’s okay, this is not the first time I’ve heard such reaction. As if Pilipinos claiming Hispanic ancestry is such an insult to the the whole Hispanic people and their heritage. And no need to apologize. But this is what I can tell you:
        I roll my R’s when I speak, I’ve been mistaken for Mexican, I was Roman Catholic (Agnostic now), my name is very Spanish, my language (specially my dialect) has a lot Spanish words in them most of the time people think I am speaking in Spanish….but according to my DNA test (Ancestry.com) I don’t have a drop of Spanish in me. But that’s okay…the other heritage running through my veins are just as awesome as …whatever ancestry you have in you DNA. Plus, if you have taken Sociology 101, there is no such things race, but ethnicity is real. so am I Hispanic? Who gives a flying a dog doodoo…I don’t really care how the world sees me. lovely day sir.

      • Hispanic is not a race. Hispanic is, according to the US Census Bureau: The U.S. Census Bureau defines the ethnonym Hispanic or Latino to refer to “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin REGARDLESS OF RACE” and states that Hispanics or Latinos can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity.

        I’m Filipino and never claimed to be Hispanic and still don’t, but to simply define the term Hispanic as something that describes genealogy is completely wrong.

      • Sun Toucher says:

        As a Filipino I would preffer not to be labeled as hispanic or latino, for it is a very confusing and inaccurate term. Real latinos and hispanic are the french, spanish, italians, romanians, and portuguese. Also Filipinos no longer speak spanish, we have our own native language.

    • filipino says:

      Oh, Mexicanos and Filipinos were Sister countries Filipinos ended their rule by Spain on 1898. Mexico was founded on 1821. Which means that Mexico and Filipinos indeed was one. So Filipinos actually were sisters with Mexico, Venezuela, Dominican, and many other Latin American Countries. Except Puerto Rico because it was later that year puerto rico was founded

  2. Google hispanization of Philippines.

    Filipinos really are Hispanic.

    • Veritas et Mencii says:

      Don’t just google, read the books written by those who were in the Philippines at the time when we were under Spanish rule or American rule. I don’t hate the Americans and we should not hate the Spaniards either.

      La Solidaridad – AÑO III Madrid 15 Enero de 1891 Num 47
      after more than three centuries of annexation to the Mother Country The knowledge of the Spanish language is so limited that interpreters are still needed so that Spaniards may be understood by the natives, communication that should have been easy between peoples of the same nationality

      Exposición de filipinas: colección de artículos publicados en El Globo, diario ilustrado político, cientifico y literario Madrid 1887- “In a population of 7 millions at least 200,000 speak Spanish. Only at least 200,000 has knowledge of our language, understand our laws, and able to study our civilization. Not a single amount appears on the budget to boost the teaching of Spanish, not even the slightest effort is being done to end this shame.”

      THE FILIPINO PEOPLE ASK JUSTICE SPEECH OF HON. MANUEL L. QUEZON OF THE PHILIPPINES IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, WASHINGTON FEB 1913 – ENGLISH OR SPANISH QUALIFICATION TO VOTE
      I have asked the gentleman from Pennsylvania how many voters there would be in this country if the people of the United States were required to read and write German or any other foreign language And I ask the same question again. Neither Spanish nor English are native languages in the Philippines

      Marketing Communications, Volume 117 1921
      Page 136 Manila is the commercial metropolis of the islands it is true but it is only the radiating centre of their activities It is a tremendously important city out of all proportion to its 300,000 people But there are 10,000,000 people in the Philippines. Nearly all the merchants are Chinese and while many of them have a smattering of English or of Spanish their understanding is touched most readily through reading their (Continued on Page I41)
      own tongue The younger Filipinos who have attended American schools read and speak English but how about their fathers? Isn t it wise to reach both the father and the son with advertising And the father uses one of the eight dialects depending on the Province in which he lives

  3. At the very least, Filipinos SHOULD be consider Latino because The Philippines is apart of the Latin Union, so it wouldn’t make sense if they’re not consider Latino even though they belong to a Latin group.

  4. The question will perhaps be key to the answer. The question, “Are you Hispanic/Latino?” is largely a very American question. I assume the American way (values) suggests choice (freedom and independence) and confidentiality. (There’s a certain innocence and courage about that, but that’s something for another time and place.) My point is, if I self identify as Hispanic, then, every other American is going to have to respect that (or, hussshh, it’s confidential). So I may not have a single drop of blood or thought or feeling that’s Hispanic and still identify myself as Hispanic… somewhat absurd, but it carries through what I think is key. Fortunately, we generally want to be honest with ourselves, which I think in the end, is also a main reason why the question came up in the first place.

    • Clarisse says:

      Thank you for pointing out that this is an American question as it only applies to the Filipinos in the U.S.
      I personally find that the label Hispanic/Latino to be offensive in nature. By categorizing Filipinos and other ethnicities once colonized by Spain as such is simply an act of celebrating or honoring Spanish colonialism which has left scars on these nations.

  5. Filipinos are not Hispanic nor Latino,our culture is too different from them.There’s a 10 Facts that Filipinos are not Hispanic nor Latino.

    1.Filipinos let their male children circumcise,circumcision is part of our culture and it’s not part of Hispanic/Latino culture also we had 2 superstitious belief on it like if a boy is newly circumcised he must not step a chicken’s poop it will not cure it takes too long to be cure and he must not hold a mortar and pestle it will not cure it takes to long to be cure if he hold it.Practicing of circumcision is not introduce by Arabs its truly native.

    2.Filipino important food is rice and vegetable also less meat.Hispanics eat a lots of beans but we Filipinos don’t eat beans a lot.And rice is considered sacred it should not be played and if the uncook rice fall in the grown it should be pick if your newly move into new house bring rice,it brings luck.

    3.Philippines is not dominated Spanish descent or Mestizo de Español and they are not making as a largest minority of the country.The largest minority in our country is Chinese descent also Spanish is not making a largest spoken language at all.

    4.Filipino chew areca nut and betel leaf Hispanic/Latino dont chew areca nut and betel leaf.

    5.Filipinos dont address ”Don,Doña,Señora,Señor,Señorita,Señorito” to stranger to us we use that honorific name if we’re addressing rich people in our society.There’s a quote in Tagalog ”Huwag kang magpaka tamad hindi ka senyorita” in Cebuano ”Ayaw pagpaka tapulan nga murag senyorita” it means dont be lazy like a rich kid.

    6.A lots of Tagalog,Kapampangan,Ilonggo,Waray,Ilokano and Cebuano etc actually they have Sanskrit words and Native words replacement for Spanish loanwords such as:
    In Tagalog:dyosa-diwata
    siyensiya-agham
    lengwahe-wika
    In Cebuano:kultura-budaya
    problema-suliran
    isla-pulo
    In Ilokano:bandera-wagaway

    7.Filipinos eat durian,shrimp paste(bagoong),balot(embro duck egg),toyo(soy sauce) ,pandan(Pandanus amaryllifolius) and dried fish in my experience I called my Hispanic friends to let them smell the shrimp paste and durian to them its disgusting,they even get disgusted seeing duck embryo(balot).Filipinos used pandan to steam rice if necessary if there’s available on it Hispanic dont use pandan.Philippines neighboring country use and eat urian,shrimp
    paste(bagoong),balot(embro duck egg),toyo(soy sauce) ,pandan(Pandanus amaryllifolius) and dried fish.

    8.Filipino traditional value leave their shoes and slippers any outdoor footwear when they are entering homes like the neighboring countries of Philippines do that.Hispanic dont do that

    9.Roman Catholicism has NOTHING to do with Hispanism,the legitimate language of Roman Catholicism is Latin not Spanish(Español).For example once a person practice Protestantism he/she is considered Anglo Saxon,once a person practice Islam he/she is considered Arab,once a person practice Buddhism he/she is considered Nepalese?

    10.Typical Filipinos or Native Filipinos have flat nose,brownish skin and almond eyes.Typical Hispanic have pointed nose and lighter skin complexion compare to Native Filipinos or Typical Filipinos and THIS IS NOT RACISM it’s a fact at all.AND THERE’S NO UNIFICATION OF RACE IN THE NAME OF RACE,RACE UNIFIED IN THE NAME OF NATIONALITY NOT RACE.

    • Sorry L.C but you have a very illogical reasoning.

      I’m a Filipina with Spanish ancestries. My great grandmother is a pure Spanish.

      I just want to oppose your illogical reasoning.

      1. Circumcision is a Roman Catholic teaching. Catholic teachings are based on the bible. Since the old covenant stated on Genesis 17, you can read it clearly that circumcision is a covenant between the Lord and His people to increase their numbers. You did tell us about the superstitious beliefs are actually the culture of other races who shared their cultures with us including the chinese and the arabs.
      3. We are actually dominated by Spanish descent. There were immigrants from Spain, Mexico, and other Hispanic colonies who came to the Philippines. The Philippines has been colonized by Spain for 333 years. There’s only a small percentage possibility that the exisiting Filipinos are of pure Filipinos not because of just having Hispanic ancestry but of different races too like american, chinese, japanese, and etc. In fact, Andres Bonifacio, a well known filipino hero, has spanish ancestry. His granfather is a spanish. Spanish language has only been taught to those rich people in the Philippines or to those who can get themseles to school. The reason the Spaniards did not want all the Filipinos to learn Spanish is that because if the Filipinos will be able to learn their language it will be the reason for the Filipinos will stand agianst them because they can already figure out their plans whenever they talk to each other an dthe Filipinos will be able to speak against them too. But this is also been a reason why Filipinos stood against Spaniards. Dr. JOSE RIZAL wrote his novels in spanish language. He published copies and leave it anywhere take for instance in kalesas. He is so clever. Why? He leaves the copies of his novels to kalesas for the next person to ride the kalesas will have the chance to read it. What if the person does not understand spanish? If a person will not understand spanish ofcourse will have to seek for a person who does speak spanish and that is the reason why noli me tangere and el filibusterismo has been spread. It is mot true that Filipinos never speak Spanish. There are. And we actually still speak Spanish but because of influences of other countries especially USA who bought us from the Spaniards, there is a big impact in our vocabulary. The basis for saying that we still do speak spanish is because we still use their alphabet. There are i guess 7 or 8 consonants we have that are from the Spanish especially ñ. We still speak it but because of the decline of spanish language, filipinos just changed the spelling of certain words. Take for instance cuchara which is written in filipino kutsara.
      5. Same as what I have just said above. There was a decline of spanish language. And we address don as sir now because of the american colonization in our country. Ate is called for older sister while kuya is for older brother is because of the chinese culture. Ate is atsi in chinese while kuya is aya.
      6. It is also like in number 4 and 5. It is because spanish are not the only people who went to the philippines. Americans also did. In fact, malaysians and indonesians are the first people who settled in the philippines after the aetas. We also derived our words from Bahasa indonesia and melayu. In indonesian, aku is for i which is ako in filipino. Pintu in indonesian while pinto in filipino.
      8. Please read more of philippine history.
      9. ROMAN CATHOLIC WAS BROUGHT AND INTRODUCED TO US BY THE SPANIARDS! The first filipino catholics were baptized in Cebu.
      10. hispanics have dark skin as we have but theirs are lighter because of their weather. Our nose are not pointed as they have because native filipinos are indonesian malaysians. It means, we have 2 races. If a pure spanish produced an offspring with a filipino (with indonesian malaysian traits), filipino features will most likely to dominate.

      Filipinos are Hispanics. We have Spanish ancestry. We may not adapt the pure hispanic culture because americans shared their cultures, chinese did, indonesians did, japanese did, and etc. It is impossible that there exists pure filipinos. For 333 years many scenarios happened. There could be a girl who has been raped by a guardia civil.

      • Benjamin Rivas says:

        I am Hispanic from Latin America and can tell you that we don’t consider Filipinos to be Hispanic at all. You say that you’re about 15-20% Spanish ancestry, well you are in the very small minority of Filipinos who can truthfully claim to have any Spanish blood. Even though Spain ruled over 300 years the Phillipines never received much European immigration from Spain or Latin America. Over 95% of the people in the Phillipines are. composed of Malay, Chinese and other Asian and Pacific Islanders. So to correct you, Filipinos ARE NOT HISPANIC.

    • Joe Nieves says:

      Correct!!
      . Filipinos are Asia too with Iberian ancestry. Not considered Hispanic or Español. I am of Spanish and Portuguese and Middle East ancestry. But remember, I am American first by birth and and as well annotated in every US Census since 1960. My wife is from the Philippines. I have been in this debate for over 30 years.

    • Hi LC,Im a Bicolano teenager and for me,you cant really identify us filipinos as asians nor latin/hispanic,for there is really no such thing is a pure filipino,we are just like our favorite desert the halo-halo,wich litirally translate to mix-mix,hehe.For example I have friends who looks very latin,and I also have friends that looks chinese,and Arab/Indian,and etc…and I myself look like some sort o an arab,malay,spanish shit.Our language?a mixture of Malay,Chinese,English,panish and lots and lots of local dialects.then in the food sector lets just talk about me.one of my favorite food is siopao,pancit canton and siomai,which are chinese,but I also like higado,mechado,caldereta,etc…which are spanish dishes,and I really really like buko de pandan,which is a little bit Malay.so in conclusion, we Filipinos are a truly global peeps.haha.

  6. La Solidaridad – AÑO III Madrid 15 Enero de 1891 Num 47
    The knowledge of the Spanish language is so limited that interpreters are still needed so that Spaniards may be understood by the natives communication that should have been easy between peoples of the same nationality

  7. In the USA, if you speak Spanish to someone from south of the USA he or she might get offended. They will tell you, too many times this happened, “I speak English”.

  8. I consider myself Hispanic. Both sides of my family are of Spanish descent and I can trace my lineage and roots to the actual regions of Spain my family is from. (Catalonia and Andalusia). (I’m at least 15-20%) Latinos/Chicanos also get confused because they mistake me as Latina ALL the time. The thing is, at home I speak Spanish with my mom, and I speak Spanish with my Latino friends at school. And apparently they say my accent when I do speak Spanish, is very Castilian. You also have to take into consideration the different geographical areas and ethnic groups of the Philippines. I am Ilocano and Kapampangan–Both having HIGH amounts of Spanish influence in the culture and food/vocabulary. Plus, I’m pretty sure my dad didn’t get his high bridge nose, height, and hazel eyes from an aeta. I’m a 5’8 Filipina, which definitely doesn’t add up to my mom’s Ilocano descent, especially regarding their common facial characteristics, etc. So yes, when people ask me what ethnicity I am, I reply “I am Indigenous Filipino and Spaniard”. So yes, in terms of my background, I am Hispanic, but this is not the same case for other Filipinos.

    • Arthur D. Lara says:

      highly unlikely.

    • Metal militia says:

      You can only claim to be Spaniard if you are born in Spain or have one of your parents who is actually from Spain. You think you are 15-20% but how do you come up with that number? It seems a lot of conjectures. Also if you speak Spanish to your friends and assuming they were born in the states I can almost guarantee you they would not know what Castilian Spanish sounds like. I am full Latin American and my kids born in the states are full 100 latinos but have light hair and clear eyes. I know we have a lot of European in us but we don’t go around saying we are Spanish, Portuguese or what have you. I am not sure you can make that claim..just saying

  9. If the Philippines are not a hispanic country, why did they talk about things about Spain? Let’s think about it. If the Spaniards won’t discovered the island at the first place, then we should say that there is no trace of spanish colonization ( we are still islamic nation) happened there but the truth is the Spain is a part of our 3 centuries of our lives so I should say it’s better to say that the Phillipines is a part hispanic. If the 1987 constitution would allows our fellow countrymen to speak spanish, we are full-parted hispanic country.

  10. Benjamin Rivas says:

    Filipinos ARE NOT hispanic since only a very small percentage can actually claim to have any trace of Spanish blood unlike Latin American countries that have a majority of mestizo population of Indigenous and Spanish stock. Very few Filipinos speak Spanish as their native tongue unlike Latin Americans.

    • Juan dela Cruz says:

      Please define what it is being a Hispanic? Culturally, we can associate ourselves with the Castellano-Guachinango counterparts as evidenced by our way of life and that is because of more that 300 years of Spanish colonization here in the Philippines.

  11. Arthur D. Lara says:

    filipinos are asian not hispanic. nor latinos nor are they spanish. they were not to mix and not to create a spanish citizen with shared language, culture, religion and identity. this is why spanish never took root, and the spanish that is used is incorrect on purpose. spanish last names mainly due to filipinos converting to catholicism, but a decree was made for them not to take certain spanish names, but made up names were ok up to a point.

  12. PORFIRIO TANEDO says:

    I am Filipino. I was born in the Philippines but migrated in the United States when I was 19. I consider myself as Latino. Do I have I have Latin blood in me? I am not sure. I do get mistaken as Mexican all the time. I get mails and e-mails in Spanish sometimes.

    But that is my “ethnicity” not my race which I am learning that “race” is just a social construct. When I look at other people from Asia and interact with them, I can[t find anything in common with them. I do identify more with Latin people. However, I usually get an eyebrow-raising response from Latin/Hispanic people when I tell them that I consider myself as Latino. I think because they look at Filipinos as a group of people who are beneath them. It is coming from the dark corners of their heart.

  13. Filipinos are MALAY in origin. There are mestizos — chinese or spanish hybrids (:)). The Filipino Malay were called indios by the Spaniards and the Tisoys. They were treated as peons. It took Quirino to get the brown Filipinos intoMalacanang. Even then just to empahsize how the Tisoys were sedly better than the brown Filipinos THERE WERE NO PERSON OF HIGHER POSITIONS IN THE INDUSTRY other than the Tisoys — even the Coca Cola and Magnolia delivery driver had to be a Tisoy. Then Marcos comleted the “darkening” of the Malacanang employees — natakot ang mga Tisoy and they emmigrated to the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Spain. We are not FIL-AMs, too. We are Malays like the great Malay, Dr. Jose Rizal. Be proud that we are not Hispanic.

    • Wrong. You are correct that Filipinos are Malay/Austronesian in genealogy. However, you are wrong that Filipinos cannot be considered Hispanic.

      Race does not equal ethnicity.

      Here are some definitions:

      Ethnicity: a social group that shares a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or the like

      Race: a group of persons related by common descent or heredity.

      As you see they are two different things. Ethnicity denotes culture, religion, history, etc. Race, on the other hand, denotes bloodlines/heredity. The term “Hispanic” describes ethnicity, not race. If you don’t believe me, research it yourself. There are plenty of places to see what the term actually means.

      So yes, Filipinos are Malay/Austronesian by bloodline/genetics but Filipinos can also be considered “Hispanic” due to what the term denotes.

  14. Tres tatarabuelos míos eran españoles, uno era chino, uno era árabe, y el resto era austronésico. Nací en Filipinas y en el hogar hablábamos inglés y español. Mi pasaporte dice que soy filipino, tengo los ojos muy achinados, el pelo rizado y castaño, la piel beige (no amarilla). Podría decir que tengo aspecto de, quizás, mitad japonés y mitad anglosajón. Ya he dicho que mi nacionalidad es filipina. Culturalmente, ¿qué les parece? Lo español que escribo no lo aprendí en la escuela, sino en casa.

  15. AFILIPINO says:

    OH GOSH THIS IS FUNNY!!!! IM A FILIPINO AND EVERY FILIPINO HAS A DESCENDANT THATS SPANISH!! EVERY FILIPINO IS COUNTED FOR AS SPANISH!!!! MYSELF IS PARTLY SPANIARD FROM MY “DESCENDANTS” MY GREAT GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER WAS INDEED SPANISH

  16. I think the best way to classify Filipinos is Half Asian/Half hispanic

    – Geographically they are dominantly asian. South East Asian..
    – Historically -prespanish– they are of Malay descent and till this day the malay in their blood is very strong.
    -They have the unique-beautiful features of Asians (this is speaking of filipina women) and also have the hard working, care giving, fun loving, family oriented culture like latinos. Their parties and gatherings are so far from their asian neighbors and so identical to latinos.
    -Their main language “Tagalog or Filipino” is a mixture of Indonesian/Malay and Spanish dialect
    -Their common skin color (dark brown) is identical to Thai, Malay, and even Pacific Islander people.
    -Their food is a mixture of Chinese, Cambodian, Malaysian and Spanish.
    – Historically they have been the meeting point of Asian nations (China, Japan, Korea, Brunei, Vietnam) and nations under the spanish rule (Mexico, rest of latin america, and Spain themselves).

    They are the unique bland/mix of Asian with Spanish, with high American like point of view in this current age. I think that is very unique and cool. That’s why they should be considered Asian/Hispanic mix, it’s more accurate to them. I do think they should return the spanish dialect though, they could be the most coolest people if they are able to speak two of the most popular language. Most of the old filipinos (who date before 1940 and are still alive) can speak spanish very fluently though.

  17. Ms. Morales says:

    We Filipinos are Asian pacific islanders or Austronesians just like our real true brothers from Malaysia,Indonesia, Madagascar, Fiji, samoa, Hawaii ect. We may influence our culture of being 40% hispanic culture but 30% Asian and 30% pacific islanders a.k.a 60% our very own native culture. Those Latinos why they have more Spanish or European blood because the natives from South Americans a.k.a Incas and Aztecas were extinct because of those Spaniards or white people deceases spread to them so that’s why the natives are all dead (except natives from native America I think) so we are just proud of it because Spaniards never defeats the Filipinos as well as they had difficulties to spread the Spanish language because Philippines has thousands of island groups and can’t easily to spread their stupid religious and language education. Lol! I feel so pity for those real beautiful natives such as Incas and Aztecas who were killed by the Spaniards.

  18. Jan Michael Mendoza says:

    No, we are not Hispanics! And majority of the Latino people i’ve met in the States do not consider us hispanics. Yes, we have thousands of loan words from Spanish but that doesn’t mean we are Spanish speaking people. Actually, we can speak English better than Spanish to the point where some nationalities consider us as Anglophones.

    Yes, we have been colonized by Spain for centuries but truth be told that they never made an effort to teach us their language, only for the Pensulares and Insulares who were rich people, unlike the Americans when they came to our country they prioritized education that is why up to this day we speak their language even they had been here in just a short amount of time. It was the time when all Filipinos had the right to be literate. Spain never did that, they left us scars from the past, i.e crab mentality. Nakaka lungkot isipin na we are trying trace even the slightest blood we have that is Spanish when actually there’s none.

    There is only a small percentage of Filipinos who has a trace of Spanish blood and almost everyone is trying to claim that they belong to that small percentage. It doesn’t mean that we have Spanish surnames then we already have Spanish blood. The Spanish people gave us Spanish surnames to help them pronounce our name better.

    My grandmother said that her father is half Spanish but it doesn’t matter if it’s true or not, I am Asian and that’s what I am. I came from the race that is of Malay or Austonesian. When you meet a Latino, he considers himself Latino or a Native American not Spanish, when most of Latinos are of Spanish descent due to the migration of the Spanish people to the Americas. There are only few Spanish people who came to the Philippines, all they care about was spreading Roman Catholicism and the trade, never turning us to one of their own. We have acquired many things from Spain, like fiestas, loan words and especially religion, but by the end of the day our Asian blood is stronger, we have the same blood running to our veins like our neighboring Asian countries. Trying to insist that you have “white blood” is trying to denounce that you are Asian, another product of Crab Mentality. We should be happy as what we are. One of the requirement on being part of the Hispanic community is to be able to speak Spanish. Tagalog might have loan words from Spanish but it is not considered as Spanish, even Chavacano is not Spanish, it is just a creole and the construction of the sentences are still Austonesian. So stop sticking yourself to the Hispanic community because we are Asians and be proud of it.

  19. Here is an essay I wrote about Hispanics and Filipinos:

    Who’s Hispanic? Who’s Filipino?
    A few years ago, I wrote an essay called ‘Who’s White?’ I asked this question about several individuals, famous (controversial shooter George Zimmerman) and not-so-famous (two boyfriends of mine). I ended the piece by discussing whether my daughter, who is part American Indian on her father’s side (he’s from Nicaragua), would be considered White or not. Conclusion: maybe, maybe not.
    Since then, a few new developments have occurred. Members of a Scandinavian club whose events I occasionally attend seem to think that my daughter looks Italian – which doesn’t surprise me because both her father and I have some ancestry from Italy. I wasn’t so prepared, though, when at least two people asked me if my daughter was part-Filipino (both were Filipino themselves, incidentally). In one case, the question came after I mentioned that my daughter had a Spanish last name from her father: having been under Spain’s rule for more than 300 years, most surnames in the Philippines are Spanish. One of my daughter’s surnames is Ramos, the name of the Philippines’ 12th president. In the other instance, a man working at my daughter’s school thought she might be Filipino because of her eyes.
    I’ll concede that my daughter could probably ‘pass’ as a Filipino mestiza (Spanish word used in Latin America and the Philippines for a woman of mixed racial origins). These exchanges also got me asking my own questions: How Spanish are Filipinos? Are they an Asian people who just happen to have Spanish names? Or are they, like most of the inhabitants of Spanish America, all mestizo?
    Several schools of thought exist on the subject. The first is that the majority of Filipinos do have a Spanish ancestor somewhere down the line, evidenced, they say, by the fact they have a Spanish last name. For example, my father’s housekeeper informed him that she was indeed part-Spanish because her family name was Narvaez (my father was sceptical, by the way). One Spanish-language book on the history of the Philippines says that millions of Spaniards fathered mestizo children in their East Asian colony.
    In contrast, others deny that Spaniards or Europeans in general had much genetic impact on the Philippines and its people. A website run by a Filipino Canadian humorously states, ‘Dear Filipinos, Stop Claiming that You’re Spanish! You (probably) aren’t.’ He goes on to say, ‘Mating was not a prerequisite to adopt the Spanish name – merely converting to Christianity and swearing allegiance to Spain was enough.’ Some sources explain that Filipino natives were assigned Spanish names for census purposes (of interest, some native surnames, such as ‘Bondoc,’ remain; as well, Chinese family names are found among individuals descended from immigrants from China to the Philippines).
    Without taking either school of thought as gospel, I decided to investigate their claims myself. My semi-educated guess was that Filipinos would have more European ancestry than other Asians but less than Latin Americans, for example. My research bore my predictions out. One study in the American Journal of Human Genetics from the early 2000s found that 3.6% of Filipino males possessed a Y chromosome (a chromosome passed from father to son) of European origin. (This figure would not cover people like my Filipino mestizo ex-boyfriend, who could ‘pass’ for Hispanic or even Italian but probably didn’t have a European Y chromosome because his Spanish ancestry came from his mother’s rather than father’s side.) According to a more recent study from the journal Genetics, Filipinos demonstrated a ‘modest amount of European genetic ancestry,’ while another report by one of the authors estimated that at least 5% of Filipinos’ genetic background came from Europe. Both those studies showed that Filipinos were more European than were other East Asians.
    In contrast, Latin Americans’ genetic ancestry is believed to be about 50% European1, with the rest being mainly Native American and African. A study from Colombia similarly found that about 94% of Y chromosomes in men there came from Europe, even if most of these men’s mtDNA (which is passed from women to children of both sexes) was Native. Hence, it appears that Hispanics have approximately 10 times more European ancestry than do Filipinos, despite their homelands both being under Spanish control at one point or another.
    The reason for this discrepancy lies in the fact that far fewer Spaniards ventured to the Philippines than to the Americas; thus a large mestizo population did not have the chance to emerge in the former. The result of this discrepancy is that Latin America (other than Brazil, which was conquered by Portugal) basically became a cultural outpost of Spain whereas the Philippines did not. To provide one example, although indigenous Filipino languages contain a considerable number of Spanish words, Castilian Spanish as a whole did not take hold in the Philippines as a mother tongue other than in the small mestizo community – and not even among all of them; my ex-boyfriend, for instance, only learned (some) Spanish in school. Nor was Spanish particularly used as a lingua franca, a role filled to some extent by the English brought by the Americans who took over the Philippines from Spain in the late 1800s.
    What has the outcome been of Spain’s general lack of influence in the Philippines? On the positive side, had the Spanish language become widespread there, Filipinos might not have learned English so well – well enough that many of them are able to find work as nurses, nannies and other positions in much of the Anglo-Saxon world, including Canada. Of interest, Puerto Rico, another former Spanish colony that was eventually ceded to the United States, never adopted English widely even as a second language, as surveys on bilingualism among Puerto Ricans have shown. On the negative side, some Filipinos feel somewhat disconnected from the –albeit limited – role Spain and its heritage have played in their country. There is a demand, for instance, to reinstate the Spanish language as a compulsory subject in Philippine schools and universities. In my opinion, this might not be a bad idea: while perhaps of lesser utility than English, Spanish is still a useful language to know.
    So in the end, I’ll hand it to the ‘Stop claiming that you’re Spanish’ website author that most Filipinos do not have Spanish or other European ancestry. But to say that Spain had no influence, either genetic or cultural, on the Philippines does not give the full picture either.

    1 ‘Admixture, Cultural and Biological,’ Razib Khan (http://www.unz.com/gnxp/admixture-cultural-and-biological/).

  20. Filipinos are Hispanics. In fact one of the 3 Hispanic Nations in Asia (with Macau which was Portugal until 1999 and Timor Leste, that preserved its Portuguese origin until now). There is a legal information that provides basis for this fact. The Spanish Constitution of 1812 included the Philippine Islands in the vast territories of the Spanish Empire and made all peoples there Spanish in origin. Before 1812 the Philippine Islands was a protectorate of the Kingdom of Castile and Aragon that were integrated into Spain under the Constitution of 1812. The copy of this constitution was blocked on all search engines online in the Philippines and intentionally not included in all school curriculum to promote the perpetual “hatred” against Spain by the Filipinos. In 2006 the Civil of Spain Articles 24 and 26 stated that “The Acquisition of nationalities of the Ibero-American Countries, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea and Portugal does not bear the lost of their Spanish Nationality of origin.” Filipinos was by force of 1902 US Law compelled to accept the Nationality of Philippine Islands but not of the United States. Under the Philippines law in 1967, the acquisition of a natural born Filipino of the nationalities of one of the Iberian Countries (Spain, Andorra, Portugal and Equatorial Guinea), Ibero-American Countries, and United Kingdom does not produce the lost of the Filipino Nationality of origin. Filipinos who acquired Spanish Nationality do not need to take the oath of allegiance to Spain and do not need to denounce Filipino Citizenship. They can exist with 2 nationalities and 2 passports for as long as they live while enjoying the privileges of being an EU Citizen. Again the copy of Spanish Civil Code 2006 was banned in the Philippines because the United States fear that Filipinos might reunify with Spain. In search engines there will appear the Spanish Civil Code of 1889 which had been repealed in 1983 and revised by the new Civil Code of Spain in 2006. The common knowledge that Filipinos are not Hispanic was from the American Policies implemented in the Philippines Islands from 1905-1945, where all connections between Spain and Philippines be blocked at all possible means, the original Spanish Anthem was banned until today, and all customs and traditions were needed to conform with the Americans for fear that the strong presence of Hispanic Culture in the Philippines during the time of eventual cession of the islands in 1898 would eventually lead to the Philippines reunification with Spain. Spain now grants direct Nationality to Filipinos who were descendants of Spaniards expelled from Spain in 1496. If you have their surname you can apply, however, you need to have 2 diplomas in Spanish as Foreign Language and Diploma in Spanish Culture which will discuss how the United States destroyed the history of the islands and implanted “propaganda” in the minds of the Filipinos to promote hatred to Spain and accept with open arms the United States as their “sole” friend in the world. But if you happen to be a Filipino and you are in the Philippines, when you look around you, is there anything that is “Filipino?” Even the dress you wear, the brand you eat, and the culture you live into are United States. Now ask yourself, who enslaved whom? Did Spain enslaved you? Or is it the United States who is enslaving you and your children now or probably in perpetuity? If you will cite Rizal, ask yourself, if a novel is a reality? Will the Englishmen rise up against the Queen because of Harry Potter books and films? THINK!

  21. Martin Ceballos says:

    Well, I don’t speak English, but I think it’s possible to be Hispanic without to have Spaniards ancestors, a Peruvian nikkei, an Italian Argentinian or an German Chilean are Hispanic. I think the problem with people from Philippines is their lenguage, they don’t speak Spanish as mother-tongue

    • You finally spoke the truth. Es una lastima que la gente suela ser extremadamente ignorante. By the way, great English skills.

  22. Having spent a lot of time in Thailand and Loas, where the cultures have remained quite intact from outside influences, except for some small reminders of the French in Loas by seeing the common site of loafs of bread everywhere, I have been rather disappointed in the “cultures” of two places in Asia. Firstly Indonesia, by their language which seems to sound almost exactly between Portugese and Mexican Spanish, and that they are mostly Islamic, and also disapointed in the Phillipines. The first thing I thought when I came to the Phillipines was that I was rather worry for them as they seemed to have lost all of their culture. Roman Catholic, wearing American baseball caps, dancing to western music in western style choreographed manners, local food such as stewed pork in gravy that resembles something somebody,s grandmother in England would cook, U.S. American things all around you, from ways of speaking to retail outlets, resteraunts. I don’t know what Phillipines culture used to be, but I doubt if any Fillipinos know it either. Yes, it is possible to find on e.g. the Internet examples of cultural rituals and traditions within the country explained, but in reality, the same people undertaking such traditions will be off to the local Catholic Church and speaking a Hispanic influenced language. What is so sad is that they are a lovely people and do not seem to see it themselves. I come from Scotland in the UK, and that country too gas lost much of its culture in day to day life. The old religion is non existent, replaced with Christianity, the old Celtic language almost forgotten and people no longer wearing traditional clothing unless it is a special occasion. Having said that, there they still have maintained a cultural identity. You can walk down the streets of Glasgow and they are playing the Bagpipes, not American pop music that people are doing the Jane Fonda workout dance routine to. It’s a shame, and much more of a shame that Fillipinos themselves don’t see it.

  23. Daniel Cañadas says:

    Maybe in addition to Spanish culture there is a connection between filipinos and latinamericans: some Native americans in South America share ancestry with native peoples in Australia and Melanesia, the native americans shared DNA with peoples from Asia:
    http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-native-american-origins-dna-20150721-story.html

  24. Most of you are not understanding what the term “Hispanic” even refers to.

    The term “Hispanic” does not describe genealogy/blood/region/origin/etc.

    A person does NOT have to have Spanish blood to be considered Hispanic, at least not in the USA. This is from the US Census Bureau:

    The U.S. Census Bureau defines the ethnonym Hispanic or Latino to refer to “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin REGARDLESS OF RACE” and states that Hispanics or Latinos can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity.

    Because Hispanic roots are considered aligned with a European ancestry (Spain/Portugal), Hispanic/Latino ancestry is defined solely as an ethnic (*ethnicity* -which is defined as: a social group that shares a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or the like [note that there is no mention of blood/genealogy]) designation (similar to being Norse or Germanic). Therefore, a person of Hispanic descent is typically defined using both race and ethnicity as an identifier—i.e., Black-Hispanic, White-Hispanic, Asian-Hispanic, Amerindian-Hispanic or “other race” Hispanic.

    The Census Bureau also explains that “[o]rigin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.”

    So, yes, Filipinos can be considered “Hispanic”. The article is correct when it says “yes and/or no”. Saying no as an absolute is just plain wrong according to the facts. Again, for the thick-headed, the term “Hispanic” does not denote bloodlines/genealogy. It more accurately describes culture, heritage, past relations with Spain, etc. Also, considering that the Philippines is a member of the Latin Union is something else to take into account.

    Please do your research before posting, people.

  25. Anna Fisher says:

    The Philippines was colonised by Spain and named after King Philipe II of Spain. The country was ruled and shaped by Spanish culture for 333 years, so if Filipinos want to consider themselves Latino or Hispanic, they have as much right as any other country colonised by Spain. We are unique in Asia because of our Spanish and Asian culture and influenced by American culture (colony from 1898 – 1946). Most Filipinos consider themselves Asian as I do. First and foremost, Filipinos are proud to be Filipinos.

  26. Nari Mcsesh says:

    Filipinos are awesome and I respect their contribution to Boxing, Billiards, and food… But they are not Hispanic nor Latino. They do share a few common cultural traits that I’m sure give them an affinity to the Latinos they meet in their travels. These are mainly religion and names (and maybe some food items). The Spanish influence over the language doesn’t really count since they don’t actually speak anything that could discernibly be considered Spanish other than a smattering of similar words. I mean English has a huge French influence… No one says Brits are French. Arabic speakers roll their ‘R’ but that doesn’t mean they are Spanish. Certain dialects of Thai roll the ‘R’ also… Are they Latinos? No. They don’t look Latino and anywone that would mistake a Filipino for Mexican must be a hick from Alabama. Architecture? Well, I’ve been to Laos and Cambodia and seen some French influenced architecture… No one considers them French. As for close knit families and not being punctual… Welcome to every culture in the world outside of some of the most industrialised Western nations and Japan. The food link is even pretty weak… I’m not Filipino but I’ve eaten plenty of Filipino food and I’m not seeing it. Again, that’s not knocking them… I think they’re great. I get along real well with Filipinos and I generally like the things I know about them. I also think it’s cool as hell that there was that interesting mix of Spanish and Asian cultures. However, I personally do not see a strong culture.

    Ps. To everyone mentioning these DNA tests, those are known to be very unreliable. On top of this, you are GIVING YOUR DNA TO A PRIVATE COMPANY! Think people, why would you do that.

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